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The character was loosely based on Red Sonya of Rogatino in Robert E. Howard's short story "The Shadow of the Vulture" (The Magic Carpet, January 1934), in which the character, Red Sonya, was a sword-and-pistol-wielding supporting character of the late Renaissance, which Roy Thomas rewrote as a Conan story for Marvel Comics Conan the Barbarian #23 (1973). Thomas also somewhat based Red Sonja on another Howard character, Dark Agnes de Chastillon, a sword woman in 16th-century France. The story introduces the character of Red Sonya of Rogatino, who later became the inspiration for the popular character Red Sonja, archetype of the chainmail-bikini clad female warrior. Template:Infobox short story "The Shadow of the Vulture" is a short story by American writer Robert E. Howard, first published in The Magic Carpet Magazine, January 1934. The story introduces the character of Red Sonya of Rogatino, who later became the inspiration for the popular character Red Sonja, archetype of the chainmail-bikini clad female warrior. Unlike Howard's better-known fantasy work, "The Shadow of the Vulture" is historical fiction, set in the 16th century. It uses the career of sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (also known as Sultan Suleiman I), the aftermath of the Battle of Mohács (1526) and the later Siege of Vienna of 1529 as a backdrop for imaginary characters and events. 


In Istanbul, the Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sends home the members of an Austrian diplomatic envoy whom he has kept imprisoned for nine months. He recognizes one of the members, however; a knight by the name of Gottfried von Kalmbach, who had seriously wounded him during the Battle of Mohács. The sultan’s grand vizier Ibrahim entrusts the widely-feared soldier, Mikhal Oglu, with hunting down von Kalmbach and retrieving his head. Mikhal Oglu and his warriors raid the countryside between the Ottoman empire and Vienna in preparation for Suleiman’s attack on the city. They attack a small Danubian village, in which von Kalmbach had been sleeping off the previous night’s drinking. He fights his way free, and rides for Vienna, where the townspeople are preparing for the arrival of Suleiman. 

The full Ottoman army arrives, and the siege begins. Von Kalmbach fights the encroaching Turkish soldiers atop the walls. He meets a belligerent, red-haired woman who fights alongside the men – ‘Red’ Sonya of Rogatino, revealed to be the sister of Suleiman’s favourite harem-girl, Roxelana. When one fight against a number of Turks proves to be overwhelming, she comes to von Kalmbach’s aid. Later, there is a lull in the siege and the defenders content themselves with drinking wine in the city square. Red Sonya insults von Kalmbach, and an argument breaks out. Drunk and furious, von Kalmbach spurs the men into an impromptu attack on the Ottoman encampment outside the city. Coincidentally, the drunken raid thwarts a surprise attack planned by the sultan, to have been assisted by traitors within the walls of Vienna. 

The sultan eventually concedes defeat, and the Ottoman army prepares to leave. Von Kalmbach, however, is drugged and kidnapped by the traitors in Vienna – an Armenian merchant and his son, who had been in communication with the Sultan’s vizier and hoped to claim the knight’s head. Red Sonya comes to von Kalmbach’s aid yet again. She blackmails the Armenian into delivering a message to Mikhal Oglu, who was serving as vanguard for the capitulating Ottoman army. Oglu receives the message and, believing von Kalmbach to be alone and not too far away from his position, leaves the column with a small contingent. He is met, however, by an Austrian ambush. In Istanbul, Suleiman is holding celebrations in honour of his ‘victory’ in central Europe. He receives a strange package in the mail, and Ibrahim opens it, hoping it to be the head of von Kalmbach. It turns out to be the severed head of Mikhal Oglu, and included is a belittling note from Red Sonya and von Kalmbach. 


File:Anton Hickel 001.JPG

Roxelana and the Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, the villains of the story. Painting by the German baroque painter Anton Hickel (1780)

The story is set around the Battle of Mohács and the later Siege of Vienna (1529), with Suleiman the Magnificent's attack into Europe. 

Red Sonya/Red Sonja[]

In the story, Red Sonya is a gun-slinging warrior woman of Polish-Russian origin with a grudge against the Ottoman sultan. She has the eponymous red hair and a fiery temper to match.  It was revealed in the narrative that she was sibling to the favourite of Sulemain himself, the Ruthenian harem-girl Roxelana, who ended up marrying him as sole legal wife. Howard's Red Sonya had no connection to his Conan the Barbarian character. It was Roy Thomas and Barry Smith in Marvel Comics' Conan the Barbarian title who transposed Red Sonya into the Hyborian Age, changing the spelling of her name in the process.Additionally, the 1985 film Red Sonja, which took place in the Hyborian Age, is (as stated in the opening credits) "Based on the character created by Robert E. Howard", making this film another link between Red Sonja and the Hyborian Age. 

External links[]

Template:Wikisource* The Works of Robert E. Howard - Publication history of The Shadow of the VultureTemplate:Red SonjaTemplate:ConanTemplate:Robert E. Howard